Using an intersectional framework to understand the impact of minority and multi-minority status on the causes, outcomes, and patient experiences of depression and anxiety.
Mental health problems, including anxiety and depression, are more prevalent in minority groups than the general population. Minority status is also associated with poorer outcomes and treatment access. To reduce these health inequalities, researchers must understand how minority status impacts mental health and how demographic characteristics interact.
This project will use an intersectional approach to assess the impact of minority or multi-minority status on mental health. It has three aims:
1. To assess whether intersectional minority status exacerbates the effects of social risk factors for anxiety and depression. This will focus on risk during adolescence and early adulthood, a key period for the development of self-identity and the onset of mental ill-health. Longitudinal data from the Twins Early Development Study (TEDS) will be used.
2. To investigate how intersectional minority status impacts help-seeking behaviour and treatment receipt. This will use electronic health data from the Genetic Links to Anxiety and Depression study (GLAD).
3. To explore attitudes towards mental health and perceptions of the relationship between identity and mental health in minority and multi-minority status TEDS and GLAD participants, using interviews and qualitative analysis.
This project will help to identify the causes of mental health inequalities across intersectional minority groups, including differential impacts of social risk factors and barriers to accessing care.
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Professor Thalia Eley