Mohamad El Kari

Thesis title:

Laughing through frustration: to what extent has the October ‘revolution’ in Lebanon shaped a unified national identity/consciousness to create a civil functioning state?


In the autumn of 2019, the 17 October Revolution (thawra) took Lebanon by storm. Spreading rapidly across the country from North to South, major cities and neighbourhoods loyal to the sectarian political parties observed a unique outburst of hope and anger. Emotions were intense and crucial in sparking protests. For decades, sociologists and social movement theorists has disregarded the role of emotions in favour of structural, organisational, cultural, and economic explanations when studying collective action – this gap is obvious in Lebanon. To redress this oversight this research will introduce a new frame of analysis – examining through ethnographic fieldwork the role and impact of emotions on the Lebanese protests beginning with national demonstrations after the assassination of PM Rafik Hariri in 2005 until the 2020 Beirut port explosion.

First supervisor:

Dr Craig Larkin


13-Politics, Public Policy & Governance



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