Ethnicity and exposure to workplace violence for hospital-based and community nurses
As the NHS is suffering its worst ever staffing crisis, several non-UK studies have found that a key detrimental factor in recruitment and retention is workplace violence. This issue is particularly pertinent for nurses, who are at greatest risk of workplace violence and also one of the staff groups in the shortest supply. 14% of NHS staff in England are exposed to physical violence from patients. What we don’t know, however, is how rates of violence vary across ethnic groups. This project aims to understand the nature and impact of workplace violence on the mental and physical health of hospital-based and community nurses across ethnic groups, and the barriers to reporting these incidents. The project partners with NHS England Workforce Race Equality Standard (WRES) and builds on the Wellcome Trust funded Tackling Inequalities and Discrimination Experiences in health Services (TIDES) study, which investigates how discrimination experienced by both patients and healthcare practitioners may generate and perpetuate inequalities in health service use.AIMS: Using a mixed-methods design to analyse TIDES data and follow up those who consented to be re-contacted, this project aims to:
1. Explore witnessing or experiencing violence across ethnic groups both in and outside the workplace in terms of context, type, frequency, severity and perpetrator (Study 1).
2. Examine the impact of workplace violence on mental and physical health, job satisfaction, work performance, and intention to stay in the profession and how it varies across ethnic groups (Study 2).
3. Explore what procedures are in place for reporting violent incidents and what are the barriers and facilitators to reporting (Study 3).
2 – Life Course, Psychology, & Health