Dr Gustav Cederlof

Department of Geography, King’s College London

Project title: Energy Revolution: The Political Ecology of Energy Use in Socialist Cuba

My research contributes to an interdisciplinary understanding of energy and society, with regional expertise in Cuban and Latin American affairs. In the project Energy Revolution, I examine how different forms of energy and energy infrastructure were seen to serve political, social, and economic interests in the Cuban Revolution to enable the wider decolonial, state-socialist project. I also explore how Cuba’s heavily oil-dependent economy shaped experiences of everyday energy use and changed social relations in the socialist state in the context of enforced low-carbon development. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Cuba lost more than 85 percent of its oil supplies, and the country’s historical experience provides unique insight to the socio-ecological complexity of energy transitions. I develop my work in relation to the research field political ecology. Political ecology links geography, anthropology, and development studies to investigate how the interaction between humans and nature is shaped by and shapes social and political relations.

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