Farida Soliman

Thesis Title:

What does inclusive language look like in Arabic, and do we even need it?


Studies on languages with grammatical gender such as French, Spanish, and German have demonstrated that the default use of masculine gender (e.g., Spanish buenos amigos for a mixed gender group or French le maire for a female mayor) can lead to disproportionate representations in favour of men. This project extends this research area to Arabic in order to a) examine how grammatical gender usage affects social equity in gender representation in the Egyptian workplace, and b) to explore what it means to be “inclusive” in the context of Arabic.

Social Media:


Twitter: @fasolyaman


First Supervisor:

Devyani Sharma


Pathway 7: Linguistics, Media & Culture




Soliman, F., Stockall, L., & Sharma, D.. (2023). Registered report protocol: Perceptual effects of Arabic grammatical gender on occupational expectations in a gamified speech production task. PLOS ONE, 18(10), e0292936. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0292936

Brown, E., Stillman, S., Soliman, F., Romao, D., & Katairo, T. (2023). Improving livelihoods outcomes for forcibly displaced populations: a Rapid Review. CEGA Working Paper Series No. WPS-239. Center for Effective Global Action. University of California, Berkeley. https://doi.org/10.26085/C3GC72

Soliman, F., & Sczesny, S. (2023). How does gendered language in Arabic affect perceivers’ assumed job appeal, sense of belonging, and chance of success of an applicant in a job-seeking experiment?. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/Z9CDB

Soliman, F., & Sczesny, S. (2023). How does gender and language in Egyptian online recruitment affect applicants’ perceived hireability and suitability?. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/N8TYD

Bangpan, M., Felix, L., Soliman, F., D’Souza, P., Jieman, A.T., Dickson, K. (2023). The impact of Mental Health and Psychosocial Support programmes on children and young people’s mental health in the context of humanitarian emergencies in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Accepted to PLOS Global Public Health.

Jieman, A.T., Soliman, F., Bhui, K., Onwumere, J., Jones, J. (2022). Black women’s lived experiences of depression and related help-seeking behaviours: a qualitative evidence synthesis. PROSPERO 2022 CRD42022304571 Available from: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42022304571